Dr. Green Thumb Identification

Tree, Plant, Flower & Insect Identification

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Caprifoliaceae
(Honeysuckle Family)
 


Diervilla lonicera - Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle
 Rounded stem with 4 ridges.
 
  Small yellow flowers from June to August.
 
  Usually won't flower if habbitat too dry.
 Leaves opposite, simple and sometimes pinnately compound, 2-5 inches.
 Notice in the picture to the left that the leaves are attached directly to the stem and not by the leaf petiole.
 
 
Lonicera tatarica - Tatarian Honeysuckle
 Opposite, simple, ovate leaves around 2 inches, very short petiole.
 
Foliage bluish green.
 
Very small flattend buds are appressed.
 The leaf rolls or curls at the base.
 
  Can be extremely invasive.
 Aphids are a common insect causing problems for this plant.
 
  The picture to the left displays a shepards crook which is a sign of a fungus killing terminal leaders and tissue causing the tip of the branch to curl down.  Related to the shape of a shepards staff.
                                                                              
 
 
Lonicera xylosteum - European Fly Honeysuckle
 Ovate leaves around 3 inches. Up to 12 feet tall by 12 feet wide
 
  Gray/Blue leaf color.
 
  Very pointed buds.
 Stems are hollow.
 
  The leaves are very soft.
Easy to prune into formal appearance.
                                                                                     

Sambucus canadensis - American Elderberry
 Opposite, pinnately compound, serrated leaves with 5 to 11 leaflets.
 
Size varies from 5 to 12 feet.
 Fruit are berry like drupes and are dark purple to black.
 Lenticels in abundance on the stem and are raised.
 
  The pith of the stems are also white.
                                                                             

Viburnum dentatum - Arrowwood Viburnum
 Most adaptable of viburnums.
 
  Prefers well drained soils.
 
  Suckers alot, thus forming thick growth.
 Leaves are dentate to ovate, up too 4.5 inches long.
 
 
  Flowers are white.
 
   Self sterile plant.
 
   Glaborous stems.
 The leaves remind me of serrated hearts.
 
 
  Very little if any insect problems.
 
    
 
 Viburnum lantana - Wayfaringtree Viburnum
 Opposite, simple, ovate leaves that are leathery.
 
 
  Buds are long, round and naked.
 Up to 15 feet tall and 15 feet wide.
 
  Stems are heavily lenticelled.
 The most tolerant of viburnums to alkaline and dry soils.
 
  No major insect or disease problems.
 

Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry
 
 
 
                                     

Viburnum opulus - European Highbush Cranberry
 3 Lobed leaves comparible to American  Cranberrybush but more toothed.
 
 
  Buds are plumper then A. Cranberrybush and start our green, turn red and then turn brown.
 Easily grow in full sunlight to produce the best fruit and flower displays.
 
  Very few pest problems.
 
 
  Birds are attracted to the berries.
 
                                                                                        

Viburnum trilobum - American Cranberrybush
 Clusters of red berries on pedicels.
 
 
  Clusters of large white flowers.
 
 
  New stem growth is orange.
 Rough 3 lobed leaf.
 
 
  Buds on this plant are large,
  green and very sticky.
 

Weigela florida - Weigela
 Similar in shape to Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle.
 
 
  Lined ridges down the side of he stem, and the ridges have hairs on them.