Dr. Green Thumb Identification

Tree, Plant, Flower & Insect Identification

Visit Lauritzen Gardens & Botanical Center
   Home      Homoptera
Free Apps for Android 
Devices in Google Play:
 
   UHD Tropical Wallpapers- screenshot
 
   UHD Caribbean Wallpapers- screenshot

Order: Homoptera

 
 
Families:

Aelyorodidae (whitefly)
 They have powdery white wings from a waxy material they secrete, common greenhouse pests and major pests of house plants and nurseries.
 
 
 
Aphidae (aphids)
There are 2 horns called cornicles which stick out of there posterior ends and they secrete a smelly substance.  The substance secreted is commonly called 'honey dew' and contains sugars which attrack ants.  Aphids and Ants generally live in harmony together.  There are two stages present in aphids, immature stage they have no wings and the alate stage is when they develope wings.
 
 
 
Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)
Have antennae between eyes. They have bright colors and many spines on the tibia. 
 
 
 
Cicadidae (cicadas)
They have stylet antennae between eyes.  A tymbal on abdomen which makes loud sound, and is mostly made in the evenings.  They also have 3 oceli.  The molted/shed casting of these insect are commonly found on trees. 
 
 
 
Cercopidae (frog hoppers & spittlebugs)
Antennae bwtween eyes.  They feed on herbaceous plants and grass.  Has stout spines on the hind legs.  Can produce a bubbly slime on plants. 
 
 
 
Delphacidae (plant & delphacid planthoppers)
Antennae are beneath the eyes.  Have a jointed moveable spine called a metatibial spur.  A pest in agriculture, the largest group of hoppers.  Also have large membraneous wings. 
 
 
Flatidae (flatid planthoppers)
Wings are broad, opaceous and contain a granular clavis. 
 
 
 
Membracidae (treehoppers)
Antennae between the eyes & they look like horns. Pronotum extends up and over the abdomen.  They communicate by substrate vibrations.
 
 
Super Family:
 
Coccoidea (scale insects)
Usually legless but can have legs with one segmented tarsi.  Sclaes glue themselves in a umbrella like shape on plant stems and branches to protect there eggs.  Common pest in greenhousess, especially on tropical plants.