Dr. Green Thumb Identification

Tree, Plant, Flower & Insect Identification

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Family Pineaceae
(Pines, Spruces, Hemlock, Fir, Larch)
Abies balsamea - Balsam Fir
 Up to 75 feet tall.
  Branching is horizontal from the ground up.
  Life span of up to 150 years.
 Smooth light gray bark.
  Bark also gets pitch pockets which is also called resin blisters.
  Cones are erect, stick straight up in the air instead of hanging from branches.
 Flat, single, soft needles no larger then 1 inch in length.
  Undersides of needles have to whitish colored lines.
Abies concolor - Concolor/White Fir
 Up to 100 feet tall.
  Native to Colorado, Arizona, California, Utah and Mexico.
 Crushed needles produce a fragrant lemony aroma.
 up to 5 inches long and may be dark purple or bright green to yellow.
  Needles longer for a fir.
Abies fraseri - Fraser Fir
 A popular christmas tree.
  Cones form in larges clusters near the top of the tree.
 Cones are also erect, but are smaller then the balsam fir.
 Needles are thick, dark green on top and bluish green on the bottom. Branches can be bent and hold position somewhat.
Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas Fir
 Up to 70 feet tall.
  Some describe as looking scraggly.
  Needles are arranged spirally on branches.
  Can live up to 200 years.
 Cones have bracts which stick out from the scales.  
 Bark is dark gray with flaky scales.                                                          
Larix decidua - European Larch
 Not available
Larix kaempferi - Japanese Larch
 Native to Japan.
  Up to 100 feet tall.
 Distinct cones up to 2 inches long and round in shape.
 Bark is dark reddish brown with cracks around flaky scales.
 Up to 70 feet tall.
  Lives up to 150 years.
  Prefers wet areas.
 Red/Brown flaky scales.
 Cones are on a short curved stalk and no wider then 1 inch.
Picea abies - Norway Spruce
 Needles no longer than 1 inch.
  Needles are stiff and hang down giving the tree a droopy look.
 Bark is red/gray with many small scales.
 Up to 70 feet tall.
  Lives up to 200 years.
Picea glauca - White Spruce
 Up to 60 feet tall.
  Living for up to 200 years.
  Conical or pyramidal shape.
 Bark is medium gray and pinkish/red when scales are peeled away.
 Needles are square, sharp and about 1 inch long.
  Needles are green or blue/green in color.
Picea omorkia - Serbian Spruce
 Coming Soon!
Picea pungens - Colorado/Blue Spruce
 Lives up to 200 years; however, can live up to 600 years in the west.
  Forms a pyramidal shape up to 60 feet tall.
  Blue/green to silver in color.
 Bark is a gray to medium brown color with small papery scales.
 Needles up to 1 inch long and very sharp.  Probably the sharpest needle of all the spruces.
Picea nigra - Black Spruce
 Coming Soon!
Pinus mugo - Mugo Pine
 Large varieties get up to 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide.
   Commonly used in landscapes.           
 Bark is dark gray and broken up into plates
 Needles are 2-3 inches long.
  There are 2 needles per fascicle.
Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine
 Up to 60 feet tall with a wide crown.
  Planted in parks and used as windbreaks.
  Can live for over 100 years.
  Tolerant of shade and full sun.
 Bark has large light to dark gray scales.
  Bark color inbetween scales and farther up the main stem is red to
  orange in color.
  Needles vary from 3-6 inches long.
  There are 2 needles per fascicle.
  You can bend the needles in half and they won't break clean like a
   Red Pines would do.  They tare or stay folded.
Pinus resinosa - Red Pine
Needle are 4-6 inches long, and there are 2 needles per fascicle.
 When you bend a needle in half it will break cleanly.
Bark has red and medium gray scales and flat plates.
 Red Pine Cone.
  Can grow up to 65 feet tall and live for over 200 years.
Pinus Strobus - White Pine
 5 needles per fascical.
  Very soft and flexiable.
 Bark has red, brown, gray furrows and will form large plates with maturity.
 Can reach heights of 100 feet and live for over 250 years.
  Spotting White Pines from a distance can be fairly easy because the tips/ends of all the branches ressemble a person sticking up their middle finger.

Pinus parviflora - Japanese White Pine
 Can get up to 80 feet tall.
 Notice the unique bark. 
  Bark is light to dark gray and has paper scales and plates.
 The cones were all heavily covered in tree sap.
  There are 5 needles per fascicle.
  The needles also twist slightly.
Pinus banksiana - Jack Pine
 Small needles up to 1.5 inches long.
  There are 2 needles per fascicle.
  Large flat plates that are light gray to light red.
 This picture of a Jack Pine is in a Urban yard and actually looks nice. Jack Pines in a natural setting look very ratty and have many dead branches.

Tsuga canadensis - Canada Hemlock
 Can get up to 70 feet tall.
  Canopy is pyramidally shaped with horizonal branching.
  The ends of the needles hang down giving the tree a drooping appearance.
 Dark gray with deep vertical grooves which are orangish.
 Single needles attached in 2 rows.
 Needles are soft, dark green on top and pale underneath with 2 white lines.
 Cones are very small, egg shaped and between .5-1.0 inch in length.
Pinus aristata - Bristlecone Pine
 Native to Arizona, New Mexico and the mountains of Colorado.
  Can get up to 50 feet tall.
 Gray to brown bark.
Needles are in groups of 5 per fascicle, and about 2 inches long.
 Fascicles are grouped closely together giving the branch dense clusters of needles.
 The needles also point up along the branch towards the tips giving it a bottle brush appearance. 



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