Dr. Green Thumb Identification

Tree, Plant, Flower & Insect Identification

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DRY, DRY MESIC, AND MESIC SITES

 

Tree List

  Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat Type Wetland Indicator
1. Northern pin oak Quercus ellipsoidalis Beech QAE, AQV  
2. Northern red oak (#) Quercus rubra Beech QAE, AQV FACU
3. Red maple (#) Acer rubrum Maple QAE, AQV FACU
4. Sugar maple (#) Acer saccharum Maple AQV, PMV FACU
5. Mountain maple (# *) Acer spicatum Maple ATM, TMC FACU
6. Pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica Rose OAE, AQV FACU-
7. Black cherry Prunus serotina Rose PMV, AQVib FACU
8. Choke cherry (*) Prunus virginiana Rose AQVib, ATD FAC-
9. Jack pine Pinus banksiana Pine QAE, AQV FACU
10.  Red pine Pinus resinosa Pine QAE, AQV FACU
11. Eastern white pine (#) Pinus strobus Pine QAE, AQV FACU
12. Balsam fir (#) Abies balsamea Pine QAE, AQV FACW
13. White spruce (#) Picea glauca Pine AQV, PMV FACU
14. Big tooth aspen Populus grandidentata Willow AQV, AVVib FACU
15. Trembling aspen (#) Populus tremuloides Willow QAE, AQV FAC-
16. Yellow birch (#) Betula alleghaniensis Birch ATM, ATD FAC
17. Paper birch (#) Betula papyrifera Birch QAE, AQV FACU+
18. Eastern hop hornbeam (# *) (Ironwood) Ostrya virginiana Birch AVVib, AQVib FACU-
19. American hornbeam (*) (Musclewood) Carpinus caroliniana Birch AA, AQVib FAC
20. American basswood Tilia americana Linden AQVib, ATM FACU
21. White ash Fraxinus americana Olive AQVib, ATM FACU
22. American mountain ash Sorbus americana Rose QAE, AQV FAC+

Shrubs

23. Low sweet blueberry (#) Vaccinium angustifolium Heath QAE, AQV FACU
24. Wintergreen (#) Gaultheria procumbens Heath QAE, AQV FACU
25. Common blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Rose AQV, PMV FACU+
26. Swamp dewberry Rubus hispidus Rose   FACW
27. Raspberry Rubus idaeus Rose QAE, AQV FACU+
28. Sweet fern Comptonia peregrina Bayberry QAE, AQV  
29.  Bush honeysuckle (#) Diervilla lonicera Honeysuckle QAE, AQV  
30. American fly honeysuckle (#) Lonicera canadensis Honeysuckle PMV, AVVib FACU
31. Mapleleaf viburnum (#) Viburnum acerifolium Honeysuckle AVVib, AQVib UPL
32. Shortstalk arrowwood Viburnum rafinesquianum Honeysuckle PMV, AVVib  
33. Leatherwood (#) Dirca palustris Mezereum AVVib, ATM FAC
34. American hazelnut (#) Corylus americana Birch PMV, AQVib FACU-
35. Beaked hazelnut (#) Corylus cornuta Birch PMV, AQVib UPL
36. Current Ribes spp. Gooseberry AQVib, ATM OBL-FAC-
37. Serviceberry (* E/N) Amelanchier spp. Rose QAE, AQV FAC-FACU
38. Alternate leaved dogwood Cornus alternifolia Dogwood AQVib, AViO  
39. Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Cashew AVVib, DIS FAC+

 

Forbs

40.  Bracken fern (#) Pteridium aquilinum Polypody QAE, AQV FACU
41. Lady fern (#) Athyrium filix-femina Polypody AVVib, ATM FAC
42. Long beech fern Dryopteris phegopteris Polypody ATM, AViO  
43. Spinulose shield fern (#) Dryopteris spinulosa Polypody ATD, ATM FACW-
  Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat Type Wetland Indicator
44. Oak fern (#) Gymnocarpium dryopteris Polypody ATD, AViO FAC
45. Maidenhair fern (#) Adiantum pedatum Polypody ATD, AViO FAC-
46. Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis Polypody BDPB, FPCL FACW
47. Cinnamon fern (#) Osmunda cinnamomea Royal Fern FPCL, TAAC FACW
48. Interrupted fern  Osmunda claytoniana Royal Fern AVVib, AQVib FAC+
49. Starflower (#) Trientalis borealis Primrose QAE, AQV FAC+
50. Whorled loosestrife Lysimachia quadriflora Primrose QAE, AQV OBL
51. Barren strawberry (#) Waldsteinia fragarioides Rose QAE, AQV  
52. Wild strawberry Fragaria virginiana Rose QAE, AQV FAC-
53. Cinquefoil (E/N) Pontentilla spp. Rose DIS OBL-FAC-
54. Largeleaf aster Aster macrophyllus Composite AQV, PMV  
55.  Ox-eye daisy (E) Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Composite DIS  
56. Black-eyed susan Rudbeckia hirta Composite DIS FACU
57. Daisy fleabane Erigeron annuus Composite DIS FAC
58. Pineapple weed (E) Matricaria matricarioides Composite DIS FACU
59. Yellow goat's-beard (E) Tragopogon pratensis Composite DIS  
60. Spotted knapweed (E) Centaurea maculosa Composite DIS  
61. Common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Composite DIS FACU
62. Orange hawkweed (E) Hieracium aurantiacum Composite QAE, PMV  
63. Yellow hawkweed (E) Hieracium florentinum Composite QAE, DIS  
64. Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea Composite DIS  
65. Yarrow (E/N) Achillea millefolium Composite DIS FACU
66. Tansey (E) Tanacetum vulgare Composite DIS  
67. Dandelion (E)  Taraxacum officinale Composite AViO, DIS FACU
68. Goldenrod Solidago spp. Composite QAE, DIS OBL-FACU
69.  Wild lettuce (E/N) Lactuca spp. Composite DIS FAC-UPL
70. White lettuce (Rattlesnake root) Prenanthes alba Composite PMV, AQVib FACU
71. Thistle (E/N) Cirsium spp. Composite DIS OBL-FACU-
72. Downy yellow violet (#) Viola pubescens Violet AViO FACU-
73. Other violets (#)  Viola spp. Violet ATD, AVVib OBL-UPL-
74. Trillium Trillium spp. Lily AQVib, AViO FACU-FACU
75.
 
Canada mayflower
(Wild lily-of-the valley) (#)
Maianthemum canadense
Lily
QAE, AQV
FAC
76.  Twisted-stalk (#) Streptopus roseus Lily AVVib, ATM FAC
77. Large flowered bellwort (#) Uvularia grandiflora Lily AQVib, AViO  
78. Sessile bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia Lily AQVib, ATM FAC-
79.  False Solomon's seal (#) Smilacina racemosa Lily PMV, AVVib FACU
80. Hairy Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens Lily PMV, AVVib  
81. Blue beadlily (#) Clintonia borealis Lily ATM, ATD FAC+
82. Spreading dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium Dogbane QAE, PMV FAC
83. Bunchberry (#) Cornus canadensis Dogwood PMV, TMC FAC
84. Upright bindweed (E?) Convolvulus spithamaeus Morning glory QAE, AQV  
85. Common clubmoss (#) Lycopodium clavatum Clubmoss QAE, AQV FAC
86. Tree clubmoss (#) Lycopodium obscurum Clubmoss PMV, AVVib FACU
87. Other clubmoss  Lycopodium spp. Clubmoss   OBL-FACU-
88. Wild sarsaparilla (#) Aralia nudicaulis Ginsing PMV, AVVib FACU
89. Spikenard Aralia racemosa Ginsing ATD, AViO  
  Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat Type Wetland Indicator
90. Wood anemone Anemone quinquefolia Crowfoot AQV, PMV FACU
91. Baneberry (#) Actaea spp. Crowfoot ATD, ATM  
92. Round-lobed hepatica (#) Hepatica americana Crowfoot AQVib, ATM  
93. Goldthread (#) Coptis groenlandica Crowfoot PMV, TMC  
94. Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Crowfoot AVVib FAC-
95. Early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum Crowfoot AQVib, ATD FACU+
96. Tall buttercup Ranunculus acris Crowfoot DIS FACW-
97. Partridge berry (# w) Mitchella repens Madder ATD, ATM FACU+
98. Bedstraw (E/N) Galium spp. Madder PMV, AQVib OBL-FACU
99. Jewelweed (#) Impatiens capensis Touch-me-not FPCL, TAAC FACW
100. White cockle (E) Lynchnis alba Pink DIS  
101. Jack-in-the-pulpit  (#) Arisaema atrorubens Arum ATD, ATM  
102. Mint (# E/N) Mentha spp.  Mint AViO, BDPB OBL-FACW
103. Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa Mint DIS FACW
104. Heal-all (E/N) Prunella vulgaris Mint DIS FAC
105. Sweet cicely (#) Osmorhiza claytonii Parsley AQVib, ATM FACU-
106. Pyrola Pyrola spp. Pyrola PMV, AQVib FACW-FACU
107. Fringed polygala Polygala paucifolia Polygala PMV, AVVib FACU
108. Miterwort Mitella diphylla Saxifrage AH FACU+
109. Red sorrel (E) Rumex acetosella Smartweed DIS FAC
110. Curled dock (E) Rumex crispus Smartweed DIS FAC+
111. Climbing false buckweat (E/N) Polygonum scandens Smartweed DIS FAC
112. Alfalfa (E) Medicago sativa Pea DIS UPL
113. Birdsfoot trefoil (E) Lotus corniculatus Pea DIS FAC-
114. Yellow hop clover (E) Trifolium agrarium Pea DIS  
115. Yellow sweet clover (E) Melilotus officinalis Pea DIS FACU
116. Alsike clover (E) Trifolium hybridum Pea DIS FAC-
117. Red clover (E) Trifolium pratense Pea DIS FACU+
118. White clover (E) Trifolium repens Pea DIS FACU+
119. Wild lupine  Lupinus perennis Pea DIS  
120. Purple vetch Vicia americana Pea DIS NI
121. Wood-sorrel (E/N) Oxalis spp. Wood Sorrel DIS FACU
122. Evening primrose Oenothera biennis Evening primrose DIS FACU
123. Common milkweed Asclepias syriaca Milkweed DIS UPL
124. Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Milkweed DIS  
125. Butter-and-eggs (E) Linaria vulgaris Snapdragon DIS  
126. Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Snapdragon DIS FACU+
127. Common mullein (E) Verbascum thapsus Snapdragon DIS UPL
128. Common plantain (E) Plantago major Plantain DIS FAC+
129. Hoary alyssum (E) Berteroa incana Mustard DIS  
130. Black snakeroot Sanicula marilandica Parsley   NI
131. Common St. Johnswort (E) Hypericum perforatum St. Johnswort DIS  
 

Grasses and Grass-like

132.  Poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata Grass QAE, AQV  
133. False melic  Schizachne purpurascens Grass QAE, AQV FACU+
134. Bluegrass (N/E) Poa spp. Grass QAE, AQV OBL-FACU+
135. Rough leaf ricegrass (#) Oryzopsis asperifolia Grass PMV, AVVib  
  Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat Type Wetland Indicator
136. Quackgrass (E) Elytrigia repens Grass PMV, AVVib FACU
137. Bearded shorthusk (#) Brachyelytrum erectum Grass ATD, AViO  
138. Smooth brome and others (E/N) Bromus spp. Grass DIS FACW-UPL
139. Orchard grass (E) Dactylis glomerata Grass DIS FACU
140. Timothy (E) Phleum pratense Grass DIS FACU
141. Pennsylvania sedge (#) Carex pennsylvanica Sedge PMV, AVVib  

WET MESTIC AND WET SITES

 

Trees

142. Silver maple (@) Acer saccharinum Maple QAE, AQV FACW
143. American elm (@) Ulmus americana Elm AViO, BDPB FACW-
144. Black ash (#)  Fraxinus nigra Olive BDPB, FPCL FACW+
145. Eastern hemlock (# @) Tsuga canadensis Pine ATM, ATD FACU
146. Black spruce (#) Picea mariana Pine TMC, PLCS  FACW
147. Tamarack (#) Larix laricina Pine PLCS, TAAC FACW
148. Northern white cedar (#) Thuja occidentalis Cypress  TMC, APBC FACW
 

Shrubs

149. Bog rosemary  Andromeda glaucophylla Heath PLCS OBL
150. Creeping snowberry (L) Gaultheria hispidula Heath PLCS FACW
151. Labrador-tea (#) Ledum groenlandicum Heath PLCS OBL
152. Leatherleaf (#)  Chamaedaphne calyculata Heath PLCS OBL
153. Pale laurel (#) Kalmia polifolia Heath PLCS OBL
154. Velvet leaf blueberry (#) Vaccinium myrtilloides Heath AQV, PMV FACW-
155. Cranberry (# L) Vaccinium spp. Heath PLCS  
156. Meadow-sweet (#) Spiraea alba Rose FPCL, TAAC FACW+
157. Steeplebush (Hardhack)  Spiraea tomentosa Rose FPCL, TAAC FACW
158. Mountain holly  Nemopanthus mucronatus Holly FPCL, TAAC OBL
159. Winterberry Ilex verticillata Holly FPCL, TAAC FACW+
160. Red-osier dogwood Cornus stolonifera Dogwood BDPB, TAAC FACW
161. Tag alder (Speckled alder) (#)  Alnus incana Birch ACCA, TAAC FACU
162. Willow (E/N) Salix spp. Willow QAE, AQV OBL-FACU
163. Bugleweed (#) Lycopus uniflorus Mint BDPB, FPLC OBL
164. Marsh marigold (#) Caltha palustris Crowfoot FPCL, TAAC OBL
165. Sphagnum moss (#) Sphagnum spp. Peat moss PLCS  
166. Stinging nettles (# E) Urtica dioica Nettle AH, DIS FAC+
167. Three-leaved false Solomon's seal (#) Smilacina trifolia Lily PLCS OBL
168. Wild iris Iris versicolor Iris FPCL, TAAC OBL
169. Spotted Joe-pye-weed  Eupatorium maculatum Composite DIS OBL
170. Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium Loosestrife DIS FAC
 

Grasses and Grass-like

171. Button cotton grass (#) Eriophorum virginicum Sedge PLCS OBL
172. Bluejoint reedgrass (#) Calamogrostis canadensis Grass FPCL, TAAC OBL
173. Rattlesnake manna Glyceria canadensis Grass FPCL, TAAC OBL
174. Reed canarygrass (E) Phalaris arundinacea Grass FPCL, TAAC FACW+

AQUATIC SITES

175. Water arum (Calla lily) Calla palustris Arum   OBL
176. Sedge Carex spp. Sedge   OBL-UPL-
  Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat Type Wetland Indicator
177. Three-way sedge Dulichium arundinaceum Sedge   OBL
178. Bulrush Scirpus spp. Sedge   OBL-FACU-
179. Horsetail Equisetum spp. Horsetail   OBL-FAC
180. Rush Juncus spp.  Rush   OBL-FAC
181. Purple loosestrife (E) Lythrum salicaria Loosestrife   OBL
182. Water smartweed Polygonum amphibium Buckwheat   OBL
183. Pickerel-weed Pontederia cordata Pickerel-weed   OBL
184. Marsh cinquefoil  Potentilla palustris Rose   OBL
185. Cattail (E/N) Typha spp. Cattail   OBL
186. Duckweed Lemna spp. Duckweed   OBL
187. Water shield Brasenia schreberi Water Lily   OBL
188. Yellow water lily (Bullhead lily) Nuphar advena Water Lily    
189. Water lily (White water lily) Nymphaea spp. Water Lily   OBL

Submergent

190. Arrowhead  Sagittaria spp. Water Plantain   OBL
191. Coontail Ceratophyllum demersum Hornwort   OBL
192. Muskgrass Chara spp. Stoneworts    
193. Spike rush Eleocharis spp. Sedge   OBL-FACW
194. Water moss Fontinalis spp. Mosses    
195. Water milfoil (N/E) Myriophyllum spp. Water milfoil   OBL
196. Water-weed Elodea spp. Frog bit   OBL
197. Wild celery Vallisneria americana Frog bit   OBL
198. Bladderwort Utricularia spp. Bladderwort   OBL
199. Pondweed (N/E) Potamogeton spp. Pondweed   OBL
200. Water crowfoot Ranunculus spp. Buttercup   OBL
201. Bur-reed Sparganium spp. Bur-reed   OBL